Diet for pancreatitis of the pancreas: a rough menu of what not to eat

Pancreatitis is a disease caused by inflammation of the pancreas. The disease can occur in acute and chronic form. The main signs of acute pancreatitis are: a sharp pain in the left hypochondrium, involving the entire left side, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting. If such symptoms appear, you should immediately seek medical help and call a team of doctors.

The therapeutic diet for this pathology is considered the basis of therapy, as the synthesis of digestive enzymes carried out by the zymogenic tissue of the pancreas depends directly on the composition of the food.

All doctors agree that in the first days of illness (after an attack), the patient needs to be hungry. Many doctors like to say that the pancreas loves "cold, hunger and rest".

Dietary nutrition for pancreatitis is compiled in such a way as to obtain maximum chemical, mechanical and thermal savings from all organs of the gastrointestinal tract.

Frequent and fractional intake of hot food in small portions over a long period of time reduces the burden on the digestive tract as a whole and allows the pancreas to fully recover and normalize its functions.

Forbidden foods for pancreatitis of the pancreas

The basics of the diet for pancreatitis:

  • 5-6 meals a day;
  • A single portion should not exceed 350 gr;
  • Dishes are served only in grated form;
  • All products are subject to mandatory culinary processing by boiling or steaming;
  • It is unacceptable to eat raw vegetables, fruits or berries, even from the permitted list;
  • The amount of table salt in the diet should not exceed 5 g/day;
  • Be sure to use pure and mineral table water and medicinal table water (as prescribed by a gastroenterologist), rosehip-based drinks (infusions, decoctions);
  • All dishes are only served hot, and the use of hot and cold foods is contraindicated;
  • Under the ban are fatty, fried, canned, pickled, salted, smoked, fast food and convenience foods;
  • The slightest violation of the diet can provoke inflammation of the pancreas and a new attack;
  • Dishes are prepared only from the list of allowed products;
  • An individual diet, taking into account all the characteristics of the patient (age, condition of the pancreas and other organs of the gastrointestinal tract, presence / absence of other chronic diseases, etc. ), is prescribed exclusively by the assistant gastroenterologist or an experienced nutritionist.

Therapy for acute pancreatitis is carried out in a hospital. For the treatment of the acute phase of the disease, a diet for pancreatic pancreatitis during exacerbation is required, which has significant limitations, and compliance with it is key to achieving stable remission.

Diet for acute pancreatitis - nutritional characteristics

Patients with exacerbation of pancreatitis require fasting for 1-3 days

Depending on the stage of the course of the disease, the diet for pancreatic pancreatitis and the approximate menu differ significantly. During an attack, the patient is prescribed complete fasting for 1-3 days to maximize organ preservation. At this stage of the pathology, normalization of enzyme production is necessary.

It is permissible during this period to use degassed alkaline mineral water in warm form, ½ cup 6-7 times a day. From 3-4 days, the diet is gradually expanded due to carbohydrate nutrition, including viscous soups in water, cereal puree, mashed potatoes, carrots, squash and squash, semi-liquid jelly, weak tea with wheat bread crumbs and a small amount of sugar, wild rose infusion.

From 5 to 6 days, protein foods are added to foods with carbohydrates: steamed scrambled eggs, semi-liquid cereal puree in skim milk, meat and fish soufflés, dumplings, meatballs, meatballs, meatballs, cottage cheese with 0% of fat content. When the patient feels well, fats are gradually introduced into the diet: natural unsalted butter, seasoned with ready meals, for example, cereals.

A strict diet, called table 5a, is applied for up to 2 weeks. Then the patient is transferred to table 5 - diet for patients with pancreatitis in remission.

Diet for pancreatitis, what is impossible and possible, table number 1

food and dishes approved for use forbidden to use
Bread Dry and dry wheat bread, dry cookies, sugar free dry cookies Rye bread, fresh pastry, muffin, fresh biscuit
Soups and broths Vegetable soups in water (land), lean soups, viscous soups from cereals, mashed soups, in remission, it is allowed to include soups in a low-fat secondary broth (meat, chicken, fish, but not bones) in the menu several times a week Meat, mushrooms, fish and strong vegetable broth, do not add onions, garlic and white cabbage, any spices and seasonings to the soup
milk products Kefir, milk, boiled fermented milk, plain yogurt, buttermilk, sour cream, cottage cheese (fat-free) Homemade milk, cream, sour cream, cottage cheese, hard cheese, sweet yogurts, glazed curds
Me at Lean meat: poultry fillet, rabbit, veal All fatty meats and poultry, poultry skin, lard, pork, lamb, beef and mutton fat
Fish Low-fat sea and river fish (pike, perch, carp, crucian carp, sea bream, hake, hoki, pollock) Fatty fish, herring, red fish, preserves, pickles and smoked products, semi-finished products, offal, sausages (any)
Cereals and Pasta Oats, buckwheat, rice, semolina (cereals are boiled and milled) Pasta and vermicelli, barley, corn and millet groats
Drinks Herbal teas, herbal infusions, rosehip infusion, chicory drink, alkaline mineral water, weak green tea and mate, jelly, non-acidic fruit compotes Lemonades and any carbonated drinks, all types of alcohol, energy drinks, strong tea, coffee, cocoa
desserts Marmalade, marshmallow, marshmallow (limited), steamed cottage cheese casseroles and puddings, jam and honey (no more than 2 teaspoons per day), dried apricots and soaked prunes, but no more than 1 handful per day Ice cream, sugar, pastry, cakes, pastry and puff pastry, sweets (all kinds), cocoa, chocolate, nuts and seeds
mushrooms Under a strict ban for patients with chronic pancreatitis, there are all kinds of mushrooms, as well as broths based on them. In the acute phase, fungi are strictly contraindicated.
fruits and berries Baked apples of sweet varieties (without the skin), boiled peaches (scalded), apricots, plums, berries (in the form of mashed potatoes) Acidic fruits and berries with stones and small grains, all fresh fruits, citrus fruits
Vegetable Potatoes, squash, carrots, zucchini, parsley and dill (add greens to soups 5 minutes before the end of cooking). Beetroot (added 3-4 weeks after exacerbation). Fresh cucumbers are given only in the summer for 2-3 months after an attack. Radishes, radishes, horseradish, tomato, eggplant, sweet and spicy pepper, spinach, vegetables, sorrel, turnip, mustard, garlic, onion, cabbage, celery roots, parsley, turnip. All fresh and canned fruit, as well as red sauces and ketchups, are strictly prohibited.
fats Unrefined unsalted butter and cold-pressed vegetable oils are introduced into the diet gradually 2 to 3 weeks after the flare-up Cooking oil, spreads, margarine, ghee, refined oils, all types of products containing trans fats, mayonnaise
Eggs It is permissible to use protein omelets in water or diluted milk from chicken or quail eggs, include the yolk in the diet no more than 2-3 times a week Fried eggs, boiled eggs
spices and seasonings Dried dill and parsley (in hot dishes) All hot and spicy herbs and plants that improve stomach secretory function

Diet for pancreatitis of the pancreas: a sample menu

Delicious and varied dishes are prepared from the list of permitted products. Try to include as many foods as possible in your daily diet.

We offer several healthy food recipes for pancreatitis patients.

Steamed meat pudding

Blend 120 g of cooked beef (without fascia, fat and tendons) in a blender, mix with 10 g of semolina, add the beaten protein to the minced meat, then the yolk and a third of a glass of water, lightly salted.

Place the well-mixed dough in the form of a multicooker or bain-marie, greased with butter and leave it ready in the kitchen unit.

fish cakes

Pass 0. 3 kg of low-fat sea fish fillet through a meat grinder, add ¼ of a dry bread previously soaked in half a glass of whole milk to the minced meat, add 2 beaten proteins to the dough, add a pinch of salt and dry parsley.

Boil quenelles (small balls) formed from minced meat in lightly salted water for at least a quarter of an hour.

vegetable puree soup

Boil 2 peeled potatoes, 1 carrot and ½ zucchini in water until cooked, drain the broth, puree vegetables, mix the liquid and the puree, add chopped sprigs of parsley (2 pcs. ), boil over low heat for 3 minutes.

Serve the soup warm, seasoned with low-fat sour cream (1 tsp) or plain yogurt.

Banana Dessert

Dilute 2 packets of gelatin in a glass of hot water until completely dissolved, let cool slightly. Introduce ½ l of low-fat natural yoghurt (without additives and sugar) in the gelatin mass. Steam 2 bananas and 2 peaches (without the skin). Line the bottom of an enameled bowl or cake pan with foil, layer the dessert: crushed cookies, yogurt-gelatin cream, banana and peach puree. There are several such layers (depending on the diameter of the mold). Send the cake to the fridge to set the jam.

Menu example for pancreatitis for a day, table number 2

Meals dishes and drinks
Breakfast 1 egg steamed omelet in water, buckwheat porridge (small portion), chamomile tea
Lunch Semolina pudding, baked apple
Dinner Potato cream soup (200 ml), 100 g of cooked turkey fillet, blended in a blender with 1 large boiled and peeled carrot, apricot jam
afternoon tea 100 g fat-free cottage cheese and lightly blanched pulp of 1 banana
Dinner Vegetable broth stewed with carrots, potatoes and pumpkins, seasoned with olive oil and dill (add fat and dill before serving), pike perch roasted in foil (120 g portion), curd casserole with semolina, weak green tea
Before bedtime A cup of your choice of low-fat fermented dairy drink: kefir, acidophilus, acidophilus yogurt, plain yogurt

An exemplary diet menu for pancreatic pancreatitis is intended to show that even in this case you can eat varied and interesting. Using a table of food (what you can't and can't eat) and a few recipes, it's easy to create your own interesting menu.

Dietary nutrition for inflammation of the pancreas is not only the most effective method of treating this organ, but also a way to prevent the development of chronic pancreatitis, as well as achieve stable remission.

Be healthy!